Museums and Art

Francesco Guardi, biography and paintings

Francesco Guardi, biography and paintings

Guardi, Francesco Lazzaro was born in Venice in 1712 and died there, having lived for 80 years, long and fruitful in artistic terms. This is one of the most famous Italian artists of the time, who worked in the then most popular genre of painting called Veduta.

This is an image of an everyday, familiar and unadorned city landscape with all its features and the smallest details, made by means of painting, drawing or engraving.

The Guardi family has been associated with art for generations. Francesco's father was an artist, like his brothers. The sister of the master married another famous painter from Italy - Giovanni Batista Tiepolo. The artist’s son, Giovanni, continued his father’s work.

During his life, and for a long time after it, Guardi was not appreciated, and his work was quoted much lower than the paintings of another famous master lead Antonio Canale and his relative Bellotto. Interestingly, both artists wore the same nickname - Canaletto.

Only closer to our time, in the heyday of Impressionism, his Leads and genre paintings became popular, and the artist himself began to be valued on a par with other old Italian masters.

Francesco Guardi's style is multi-figured and multi-color harmonious compositions, written with tremendous craftsmanship and accuracy of detail transmission. Thanks to such meticulousness of the artist, we became aware of the smallest details of the everyday life of Venice of that period, which have not survived to this day. In this regard, each artist’s painting is a full-fledged historical document, besides the undoubted artistic merits which also have the properties of a kind of “time machine”. Looking at Guardi’s canvases, it’s as if you are in that period of time that remained “preserved” only in the artist’s painting.

The first work of the master, performed without outside interference and signed by him personally, was the painting "Saint in Ecstasy." Many art historians attribute it as a free interpretation of the canvas of Piazzetta. The workshop of Father Guardi, where he and his brothers worked, was engaged in the production of high-quality copies of paintings by famous artists, so it is not surprising that the master himself had an excellent copy experience. But from the original canvas he took only the idea, changing it in his own way. The composition of the picture is also diagonal, but as if unfolded diagonally.

The following two well-known signed works of the artist are already more detailed and realistic, accurate images. Guardi's career began in the field of creating paintings on historical subjects with a large number of human figures, but at some point, for unknown reasons, the artist switched to writing only lead and capriccio.

In this genre, he reached the heights of his skill. All his paintings amaze with their well-constructed compositions, accuracy of details and scrupulousness in their execution.

The later years of the master’s work brought his canvases much more realism and artistic skill in the transfer of space and various states of nature. His images of the sea and water are magnificent, they look like alive, seem to be mobile, you can as if catch the splash of waves. By their quality and attitude, these canvases are much closer to the works of artists of the next century. That is why they were so highly praised precisely in the following centuries, when Guardi's paintings looked more modern than in his era. So the artist not only managed to capture the fleeting time, but also significantly ahead of it.

Watch the video: The Art of Francesco Guardi (October 2020).