Forgotten Village - Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi. Oil on Canvas 81.7 x 165
The typical "Peredvizhnik" landscape "Forgotten Village" was painted by Arkhip Kuindzhi in 1874.
The idea of the plot came to the painter during a trip to the south of Russia. Arkhip Ivanovich met many poor, as if God-forgotten villages, and this made an indelible impression on him. Being himself from the simplest, the master expressed an exclusively civic position in the painting of the landscape genre - even the nature surrounding a handful of dark houses appears before the viewer through the prism of sympathy for the devastated village. Everything here "breathes" hopelessness and poverty.
Even at the preparatory stage, Kuindzhi shared the idea of the future work with Kramsky, and he, in turn, told Repin about it. There is evidence that Ilya Efimovich spoke out that the idea is simply incomparable, exclaiming: "What a thing I dug up!".
Indeed, the plot of the picture was very in tune with the socially revealing policies of the Wanderers, and Kuindzhi consciously sought to join an independent art society. The artist became an official full member of the Partnership in 1875, and the Forgotten Village, along with the Chumatsky Trakt and the Autumn Roadway contributed to this.
The painting draws us a rough road that leads to the village, represented by the silhouettes of houses with triangular roofs. The author deliberately refused to detail - the undestructed appearance of the houses should convey the abandoned village. This is an amazing and innovative technique.
Brown-green earth, bare branches of a tree in the distance, a destroyed fence and a "heavy" sky in curls of low gray-brown clouds hanging over the village - late bleak autumn is intended to emphasize the loneliness of this place. How do people live here on this bare land, ragged by the rains? Hard and sad!
The painter was able to create a very moody picture, but very soon Kuindzhi will move away from social motives, choosing for himself another goal - to sing the natural beauty!